Tribunal to consider whether MI5 covert agents can commit serious criminal offences
October 4, 2018
Agents for Britain’s Security Service are authorised to commit serious crimes, on British soil, without informing prosecutors, under a secretive MI5 policy, a court heard today.
Reprieve, Privacy International, the Pat Finucane Centre, the Committee on the Administration of Justice are challenging the legality of the scheme before the Investigatory Powers Tribunal in London.
The groups’ leading counsel, Ben Jaffey QC, said “It appears that the Security Service believes it could, if it thinks it would be in the public interest, authorise participation in murder, torture, sexual assault or other grave criminality in the UK.”
As the human rights groups are arguing, the policy has “no legal basis”, with no “meaningful limits” as to what serious crimes agents can and cannot commit.
Agency wrongdoing abroad – and now at home?
It has long been known that MI6 and GCHQ can be authorised to break the law on operations overseas, under a power enshrined in Section 7 of the 1994 Intelligence Services Act.
It is now known that the UK government authorised MI6’s role in the rendition of Libyan dissident Abdul-Hakim Belhaj and his pregnant wife Fatima Boudchar to Colonel Gaddafi’s torture chambers.
The Prime Minister issued an unprecedented apology to Mr Belhaj and Ms Boudchar earlier this year, following a legal challenge assisted by Reprieve, and Reprieve has since brought a separate legal action to establish the limits of overseas lawbreaking by UK intelligence agencies.
Today’s case is about actions committed at home rather than abroad. This case seeks to confirm whether the law places any limit on the crimes MI5 agents may be allowed to commit on UK soil.
A decades old policy with no clear legal basis
It was revealed today at the Tribunal that the secret policy governing MI5 involvement in criminality has been in place since the early 1990s.
The policy operated without any oversight until 2012, when Prime Minister David Cameron asked the Intelligence Services Commissioner to monitor the policy. However, David Cameron made clear in his instructions to the Commissioner that “such oversight would not provide endorsement of the legality of the policy”, strongly implying the lawful basis for the policy remained open to potential challenge.
Cameron wrote the letter in 2012, barely a fortnight before publishing a long-awaited review into the murder of Pat Finucane. The human rights lawyer was murdered in 1989 by a British army agent, while eating dinner with his family at his Belfast home. On publishing the review of Finucane’s death, Cameron told Parliament that the level of state collusion into the lawyer’s murder was “shocking”.
Reprieve Director Maya Foa said:
“We want to know if it’s Government policy to let MI5 agents get away with serious crimes such as torture and murder.
While our intelligence agencies have an important role in keeping this country safe, it does not follow that agents can be permitted to break the law without limits.
If this is indeed the Government’s position it must inform MPs and the public, and open the policy to legal and parliamentary scrutiny.”
Paul O’Connor, Director of the Pat Finucane Centre added:
“It can be no coincidence that Prime Minister David Cameron issued new guidelines, however flawed, on oversight of MI5 just two weeks before publication of the De Silva report into the murder of Pat Finucane.
The PM was clearly alive to the alarming evidence which was about to emerge of the involvement of the Security Service in the murder. To date no-one within a state agency has been held accountable. The latest revelations make the case for an independent inquiry all the more compelling.”
Brian Gormally, Director of the Committee on the Administration of Justice said:
“MI5 has an estimated 500+ officers in Northern Ireland and runs agents here. If these state agents are ‘authorised’ to commit serious crimes that constitute human rights violations that would be unlawful and potentially involve collusion with illegal armed groups.
We have had enough of such behaviour by the secret state – the nature and extent of these authorisations should be made public.”
Notes to Editors:
1. Reprieve’s London office can be contacted on: firstname.lastname@example.org or +44 (0)7764 162 554.
2. The (heavily redacted) policy guidelines can be read here.
3. David Cameron’s letter to Sir Mark Waller can be read here.
4. The claimants’ legal argument for the hearing can be read here.